Is it Okay to Have Only One Pet Rabbit?

Thinking of doubling your furry family by getting your rabbit a companion? While rabbits are naturally social creatures that flourish in pairs, adding another bunny is a big commitment. Will your current rabbit truly benefit from a partner or are they content as a singleton? Do you have the time, money and space to properly care for two pets? Bonding rabbits can also prove challenging. Before hopping into a second adoption, pause to reflect. We’ll explore the key considerations around owning dynamic rabbit duos versus terrific singletons. Get ready for an in-depth look into the intriguing world of rabbit relationships! Whether you ultimately decide to expand your household or pamper your single bunny, putting your pet’s needs first is what matters most.

The case for single rabbits

There are some good reasons why having just one pet rabbit can work well. Raising a single rabbit is less expensive, requires less space, and is simply easier for many owners to manage. For people with limited time, finances, or living space, a single bunny may be the ideal option.

Caring for a single rabbit also allows an owner to focus all their attention and bonding on one animal. This can lead to a very close human-rabbit relationship. Single rabbits that get ample affection and free-roam time can become quite attached to their owners and don't necessarily require a second rabbit for companionship.

Some rabbits, by nature, prefer to be "only children." Rabbits have distinct personalities, just like humans. Some are more aloof, independent, and territorial. These solitary rabbits may become aggressive or stressed if housed with other rabbits. They thrive when given lots of interactive playtime with their human companion.

Lastly, there are simply more single rabbits in need of forever homes than bonded pairs. By adopting a single rabbit, you help address the pet homelessness crisis for domestic rabbits. Shelters and rescues are overloaded with these animals, especially after Easter. Providing a loving home for even one rabbit saves a life.

So while rabbits are highly social creatures, a single bunny lifestyle can work under the right circumstances. It requires an extra commitment from the owner to spend quantity and quality time with their pet. But it's certainly not out of the question, especially when the alternative is the rabbit remaining homeless.

Adopting single rabbits

If you’ve decided that one rabbit is the right fit for your home, adopting from a shelter or rescue group is an excellent option. Many organizations have singleton rabbits in need of families.

When you adopt, you give a deserving pet a second chance while also combating rabbit overpopulation. There are millions of domestic rabbits in need of forever homes. Adopting just one makes a significant difference.

To find your new friend, search sites like Petfinder and AdoptAPet. Contact local rabbit rescues and humane societies about their current residents available for adoption. Make sure to ask if the rabbit has been spayed or neutered. This crucial surgery prevents unwanted litters and reduces the risk of reproductive cancers.

During your first meeting, observe the rabbit’s personality. A more confident and curious bunny likely enjoys human interaction versus a timid one who may be fearful. This temperament clue can help guide your selection.

Be sure to rabbit-proof your home thoroughly before bringing home your new housemate. Cover electrical cords, secure potential hazards, and block off unsafe areas. Establish a dedicated space for your rabbit with room for a litter box, toys, water and food bowls, and sleeping quarters.

The initial transition period requires patience. It may take weeks or months for your new rabbit to completely acclimate and trust you. Spend ample time sitting on the floor allowing the rabbit to approach you. Offer small treats to build positive associations. Move slowly and don’t force interactions.

Adopting a single rabbit enriches two lives—your new pet gets the home they deserve and you gain a delightful companion. Opening your heart and home to even one homeless rabbit truly makes a difference.

Rabbits and human companionship

While rabbits are highly social with their own kind, they also thrive on human interaction. Rabbit-human relationships are very possible and mutually rewarding.

Rabbits form strong bonds with their owners, recognizing them and responding happily to their presence. They will run to greet you and solicite petting, chin rubs, and treats. Many enjoy sitting on their owner's lap or next to them on the couch. Rabbits become comfortable being held and cuddled when handled frequently.

By nature, rabbits are quite playful. Interactive toys like treat balls and tunnels are excellent for engaging a single rabbit. Rotate novel objects for mental stimulation. Rabbits also appreciate having chew toys like willow sticks available to satisfy their natural urge to gnaw.

Spending time on the floor in your rabbit's space allows closer interaction. Letting your rabbit hop freely around your home provides exercise and bonding time. Supervise closely to avoid trouble and accidents. It's ideal to start this exploration in a single room after rabbit-proofing.

Positive reinforcement also nurtures the rabbit-human bond. Use food rewards during handling and training. Verbal praise, gentle pets, and head rubs communicate affection. Avoid punishment, yelling, or rough handling.

Patience is required when learning to communicate across species. Rabbits have unique nonverbal cues and responses humans must learn. Over time, a meaningful connection develops.

While another rabbit may provide some companionship, your relationship with your pet is just as important. Shower your single rabbit with daily attention, play, freedom, and love. They can thrive when bonded closely with you.

Resources for two rabbits

Bringing home a second rabbit takes more careful consideration. Doubling your rabbit population requires significantly more financial resources, physical space, time commitment, and responsibility. Be realistic about what you can manage before getting another bunny.

Two or more rabbits should be housed together in an appropriately sized enclosure or puppy pen. The rule of thumb is at least 8 square feet of space per adult rabbit. Litter boxes, food and water stations, toys, and hiding boxes need to be doubled. Be sure you have adequate floor area for a sufficiently large habitat.

Vet bills, food, litter, and other supplies also increase for multiple rabbits. Annual checkups, medications, neutering, possible emergencies, etc. all cost more for two rabbits. Having an emergency fund is essential in case of illness. Exotic pet insurance is another way to offset medical expenses.

A greater time investment is required when having a pair of rabbits. You must supervise their initial bonding sessions until they are safely familiar with each other. Later, they need at least an hour or two of daily exercise and playtime together outside their enclosure. Social time prevents boredom and aggression.

Rabbits may fight, especially as they mature if unneutered/unsprayed. Be prepared to house separately if serious aggression develops. Months of carefully managed bonding sessions may be required under some circumstances. Taking on two rabbits should not be done lightly.

If after an honest self-assessment you feel ready for a rabbit duo, move ahead. But choosing a pair from the same litter is ideal. Otherwise, proceed gradually with introductions on neutral turf to promote bonding. Just be realistic about the increased responsibility.

Difficulty bonding rabbits

Deciding to get a second rabbit sounds ideal in theory. But the truth is properly bonding rabbits can be quite challenging. Even rabbits raised together may start fighting once hormonal changes kick in during puberty. Here are some common trouble signs:

Mounting/circling – A rabbit trying to assert dominance will mount the other rabbit. The circling rabbit may also thump their hind feet. This can lead to fighting.

Chasing/nipping – Rabbits that chase and nip each other are not getting along. This behavior may escalate to full-on attacking.

Fur pulling – Grabbing chunks of the other rabbit's fur out indicates major aggression issues.Damage to eyes often occurs next.

Flicking feet – Rabbits flick their feet at each other to express irritation before lunging with claws.

Injuries – Wounds from bites or scratches require immediate separation.

Stress behaviors – When bonding fails, rabbits may seem constantly on edge, unwilling to rest or eat.

Territorial urine marking – Rabbits mark spots with urine and feces where they do not want the other rabbit.

Without extreme caution, bonded rabbits can seriously injure or kill one another. Be prepared to house separately for months if needed. Neuter/spay, scent swapping, supervised sessions, and patience may eventually lead to success. But even then, squabbles may persist longterm. Not all rabbit matchups are smooth or last. Know the potential challenges upfront.

How to keep a single rabbit happy

Owning just one rabbit carries a responsibility to provide companionship, enrichment, and attention. Make sure your pet's needs are fully met with the following tips:

  • Spend at least 2 hours a day interacting with your rabbit. Play games, pet them while watching TV, let them snuggle on your lap.

  • Give your rabbit plenty of exercise time. Let them romp and explore rabbit-proofed areas safely for 60-90 minutes daily if possible.

  • Provide interactive puzzle toys like treat balls and chew sticks. Rotate new objects into their space. An enriched environment stimulates them mentally and physically.

  • Rabbit-proof your home with cord covers, blocked access behind appliances and under furniture, etc. Allowing safe, supervised freedom prevents boredom.

  • Offer a hide box or enclosed bed so your rabbit has a safe space for napping and retreating when they need alone time.

  • Feed a balanced diet rich in hay, leafy greens, and a limited amount of pellets. Proper nutrition supports health and happiness.

  • Avoid punishment, yelling, or scaring your rabbit. Use positive reinforcement in handling and training instead.

  • Groom your rabbit frequently to check for injury or illness. Nail trims prevent injury. Brushing reduces ingested fur.

  • Take your rabbit to the vet promptly if they seem ill. Exotic vets have specialized rabbit knowledge. Wellness checks even when healthy protect your pet.

  • Consider adopting a second rabbit if you ultimately decide your pet needs a companion. Proceed gradually with introductions.

With attentive ownership, a loving home, and patience, single rabbits can thrive and enjoy full lives. They desire connection–ensure yours gets the affection they need.

Questions to ask yourself before getting a second rabbit

Adding a second rabbit should not be done on a whim. Take time to honestly assess your situation. Ask yourself:

  • How much time do you spend with your current rabbit? Is it feasible to spend quality time with two?

  • Do you have adequate financial resources for double the vet bills, supplies, housing space, etc?

  • Is your home rabbit-proofed for two free-roaming rabbits? How much larger should their enclosure be?

  • Are you prepared for challenges like bonding fights and relationship squabbles? Would you be able to house separately?

  • Can you handle potential spraying, increased litter habits, and chewing from a second rabbit?

  • Will a second rabbit improve your current rabbit's life? Or do they seem content as a single pet?

  • Are you getting a second rabbit just for your own enjoyment or to appease guilt?

  • Have you researched how to properly bond rabbits to avoid trauma and injury?

  • Are you willing to spend months troubleshooting bonding issues if needed? Can you consult an expert?

  • If your current rabbit passed away, could you commit to caring longterm for a second rabbit?

Take an honest look at your motivations and resources. Getting a second rabbit should benefit your current pet first–not just fulfill your own desires. If you can't provide for a pair of rabbits, don't feel guilty staying with one.

How much time do you spend with your rabbit?

Rabbits are quite social and require substantial interaction. If you spend just 30-60 minutes a day with your rabbit, then a second rabbit may be ideal to provide companionship in your absence. But if you already spend 2 hours or more focused on your rabbit, a second may not be necessary.

Consider your typical schedule:

  • Morning: Do you let your rabbit out while getting ready for work? Interact before leaving?

  • Afternoon: Does your rabbit have exercise time when you return? Or are they confined all day?

  • Evening: How much time playing together, lounging together, or cuddling do you spend each night?

  • Weekends: Are weekends spent socializing your rabbit or engaging in separate activities?

Truly evaluate the quantity and quality of attention your rabbit currently gets. Single rabbits left alone most of the day and week will benefit from a partner. But if your time commitment is already high, a second rabbit may not enhance their life significantly.

This decision needs to focus on your existing rabbit's wellbeing, not your own desire for a second cute bunny to enjoy. Spend time petting and observing your rabbit's behavior. As their "parent" you should have a good sense of their level of contentment and need for companionship. Let that guide your choice thoughtfully.

Is your rabbit showing signs of depression?

Sometimes a rabbit's actions make it obvious a friend is needed. Signs of loneliness and depression in rabbits include:

  • Excessive chewing on cage bars or any objects they can find

  • Aggressive behaviours like growling, charging, or biting when humans approach

  • Urinating or defecating outside the litter box

  • Pulling out fur obsessively or harming themselves

  • Making loud thumping noises to demand attention

  • Constantly digging or rattling cage furnishings out of frustration

  • Lethargy, lack of interest in toys and activities, sleeping excessively

  • Loss of appetite and weight loss from sadness

Rabbits exhibiting multiple depressed behaviours are clearly unfulfilled socially. A second rabbit would provide an enriching relationship and interaction to lift their spirits.

But a happy, healthy single rabbit that comes running for affection and enjoys playtime is likely content. Observe your unique rabbit's needs and preferences before deciding.

Does your rabbit have any medical issues?

Special health considerations may impact if getting a second rabbit is advisable. For example:

  • Elderly rabbits with arthritis or failing vision may become stressed or injured by a younger, faster companion.

  • Disabled rabbits already struggling to get around would have difficulty defending resources.

  • Rabbits needing medicated feed or extra care could be bullied by another rabbit.

  • Rabbits with urinary issues like sludge or stones may mark territory excessively, causing friction.

  • Rabbits prone to respiratory infections could pass illness back and forth in close quarters.

Of course rabbits with contagious diseases like myxo should never expose another rabbit. But even ongoing manageable conditions need to factor into this decision.

Ask your exotic vet for an honest assessment given your rabbit's health status. Improving socialization may not outweigh medical risks. Put your individual pet's wellness first.

Do you have the resources to care for multiple rabbits?

Caring for a single rabbit is very affordable. But expenses increase substantially with a second rabbit. Make sure you can realistically provide for two pets.

The costs that double with a second rabbit include:

  • A larger enclosure and supplies

  • Spay/neuter procedures

  • Double the amount of food and litter

  • Vet visits, medications, procedures

  • Emergency medical fund or pet insurance

  • Rabbit-proofing supplies for a larger space

  • More replacement toys, blankets, bowls, etc.

  • Potential boarding if you travel

  • Covering destruction if bonding fails initially

  • Longterm elder care as they age

If you are struggling financially right now, wait for a better time to expand your pet family. Rushing into a second rabbit without adequate savings puts everyone at risk. Never take on more animals than you can afford to properly care for under all circumstances.

How stressed are you right now?

Our pets rely on us for consistency, attention, and calm energy. If you are currently going through an exceptionally stressful life event, now may not be the ideal time to introduce a second rabbit.

Consider your current mental load – are you:

  • Working through grief or trauma?
  • Facing relationship problems or divorce?
  • Dealing with a stressful job or unemployment?
  • Managing a major health issue or injury?
  • In the middle of a demanding move or home renovation?
  • Overwhelmed as a new parent or caregiver?

Major stress compromises your ability to devote focused time and energy to properly bonding rabbits. It's perfectly fine to wait until your life stabilizes before expanding your pet family.

Never feel guilty for making the choice that protects your own health and your existing rabbit's wellbeing. You're doing the responsible thing until your situation improves.


Deciding if your rabbit needs a companion rabbit takes careful introspection. Consider your time commitment, rabbit's personality, resources, and current life stressors. While rabbits are highly social, some single rabbits thrive with concentrated owner interaction. There is no one-size-fits-all answer. Keep your individual rabbit's best interests at the forefront when weighing this decision.


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